Basically, pest control refers to the process in which people get rid of pests that act as a nuisance in their lives. Pests such as insects, plants, germs or other organisms tend to interfere with our normal or day to day lives and activities. Some of the ways in which pests cause a nuisance to people’s lives include damaging property, food crops or biting people. For effective pest control measures, one needs to know about the pest and its habitat well. For one to formulate effective strategies for pest control, they need to identify the pest as well as its lifestyle. All the pest control measures that people take are grouped into mechanical, biological, physical as well as chemical methods.
Biological pest control is whereby one uses other organisms in order to get rid of the existing pests. Mites and insects are examples of the kind of organisms used on pests. This method solely relies on natural mechanisms such as predation as well as human management. One simply has to introduce the mites or insects in the pests’ natural habitat in order to eradicate them. One is able to arrive at a long-term pest control solution once the organism introduced into the pests’ habitat breeds and survives. Introducing a certain strain of bacteria in mosquito breeding ground is a good example of this method. This way, the bacteria can infect the water sources and kill any mosquito larvae that is present in it.
Mechanical pest control makes use of hands-on techniques and various equipment. These equipment tends to put a barrier between insects and pests. One of the ways one can use mechanical pest control measures to get rid of pests is by crop rotation. This method is effective since it helps to get rid of pests simply by reducing their host plants. Use of baits or traps comes in handy when it comes to controlling pests such as rats and mice. Once one gets the traps, they can place food particles with poison as bait on them in order to attract the mice from their habitat. When this happens, they get trapped and one can discard them.
Another way to control pests is by using insecticides or pesticides. It is important for one to wear safety gear such as gloves and an overall during initial application as a safety precaution. This helps prevent getting into contact with the chemicals which might be dangerous for one’s health. Using chemicals is an instant pest control measure which is very effective especially when dealing with large numbers of pests.
One shouldn’t try to get rid of pests without help. Getting into contact with a professional exterminator is advisable when dealing with pests.